F) Poetic Devices
A poem is a musical work of art too!! Ask yourselves – How does each feature of form complement and help develop speaker’s situation, theme, tone and style?…… We are waiting for your replies …….
Poetry has emotion, imagery, significance, beauty, dignity, rhytm, sometimes ryhme, a different arrangements which can include inversion and concreteness in its images. One way to attain the qualities so essential to making words poetic is through the use of poetry device. The examples below are from the poem, ‘He Had Such Quiet Eyes’. Hopefully, with the examples given, everyone can better understand some of the ways to write poems well.
Pools of lies- creates the image of a man who was full of deceit.
Layered with thinnest ice- indicate that the man was walking on a tightrope with his deception, as the ‘ice’ might just crack anytime and he would be found out.
Breathing desolate sighs -creates a picture of a couple in very close physical contact, whispering sweet nothings to one another.
Imploring her to be nice- gives us an image of the man begging the girl to love him
Paradise – creates the image of bliss and happiness.
The repetition of a beginning sound or consonant
They were two pools of lies layered with thinnest ice
Diction- The poet’s choice of words
Pools of lies – the store of lies and deceit
Thinnest ice – being at the edge of danger
Imploring – the effect of begging or asking
Render – has the dramatic effect of ‘giving’
Paradise – synonymous to happiness, in this context, it is an euphemism for physical intimacy
Words that imitate a sound
Sighs – long deep audible breath of the man
A figure of speech which endows inanimate objects with human traits or abilities.
Quiet eyes were breathing desolate sighs – shows that the man seemed sad and lonely
Imploring her to be nice – shows as though the man was in desperate need of companionship
Refers to a group of words with a special meaning.
hows and whys refers to confusion, unable to reason out the cause for a situation
losing at dice means taking a chance at something and losing out
lose your heart means to fall in love
A comparison between two objects with the intent of giving clearer meaning to one of them.
Pools of lies– The man’s eyes are describes as ‘pools of lies’, to show the severity of his deceits.
Layered with thinnest ice– Eyes usually mirrors one’s feelings and innermost thoughts. Thus, the man disguises his actual intentions by’ layering his eyes with the thinnest ice’. This metaphor describes deception.
Refers to the repetition of words, phrases, lines or stanzas.
‘nice really means nice’– repetition of ‘nice’
‘losing at dice’ and ‘lose your heart’– repetition of ‘ lose’
Something which represents something else besides itself.
‘quiet eyes’ – represents deception to the persona
‘dice’ – represents taking a risk with one’s feelings
‘heart’ – represents love